Periodontal disease is the technical term for gum disease, and as a periodontal practice, our goal is to minimize the risk of our patients developing this disease. If you do have it, we prefer to provide treatment as soon as possible, as this is not something that goes away on its own. There are several risk factors associated with gum disease and if you have any of them, we may recommend more frequent appointments to help you stay on track.
Periodontal Disease Risk Factors:
Periodontal disease tends to affect people within an entire family. Some people’s genetics simply put them at a higher risk.
Typically, gum disease occurs as you age and it is most common in those who are at least 35 years old.
Stress And Hormones
In some cases, psychological stress can cause your body to release hormones which are inflammatory and can either cause periodontal disease or make it worse. Hormones affecting your risk level may also be released without stress. Female hormones in particular may play a role, with some women experience gingivitis flare ups before menstruation or during pregnancy. Menopause can also lead to bone loss and related gum disease.
Clenching And Grinding
Grinding and clenching your teeth will exert excess force on the tissues that support them. This can increase the speed at which the relevant tissues are destroyed, increasing your risk of periodontal disease.
Certain medications, including heart medications, antidepressants, and oral contraceptives may have gingival overgrowth as a side effect.
Multiple health conditions are related to periodontal disease. Both heart disease and diabetes have had links found, most likely due to the inflammation. There is also a higher risk of this illness if you have autoimmune disorders, leukemia, or HIV/AIDs.
Experts have found a link between obesity and periodontal disease and believe that obesity may increase the risk.
Malnutrition is a common risk factor of periodontal disease. To maintain proper oral hygiene, you need to eat a healthy diet with a lot of fruits and vegetables, including vitamin C.
Smoking And Substance Abuse
Smoking can lead to periodontal disease. Even if you don’t have periodontal disease, it may cause bone loss or gum recession. The more you smoke each day, the higher your risk of gum disease will be. There is also a risk of damage to your teeth and gums if you abuse alcohol or certain illegal drugs in the long term.
Not Brushing And Flossing
If you don’t brush and floss regularly, you will experience more plaque formation and bacterial buildup, increasing your risk.