What Causes Gum Disease?

Here at Anthem Periodontics and Dental Implants we see a steady stream of patients suffering from varying stages of gum disease. The reality is that over time the vast majority of people will develop periodontal gum disease. Typically, this condition is the result of poor dental hygiene practices that lead to a buildup of plaque – but sometimes it’s just a hereditary issue that no amount of brushing can fix. We have found that early periodontal disease treatment can catch the problem long before it become severe enough to actually damage our patients’ gums.

las vegas gum disease

Dental Plaque and Bacteria

We know that dental plaque contains a wide variety of bacteria or germs. Many of these germs have long been associated with causing the kind of gum inflammation that leads to gum disease. In some of our patients we have noticed that if their gums are healthy and tightly formed around their teeth, they can actually resist or at the very least limit how much damage the bacteria can do.

At the same time those patients who have heavy deposits of plaque and tartar often display signs of advanced gingivitis, which left untreated usually leads to periodontal gum disease. There are several recognized conditions which can increase your risk of periodontal disease:

  • Poor dental hygiene practices
  • Smoking, chewing tobacco, snuff
  • Diabetes
  • Lowered immune system

You Can Prevent Gum Disease

There are a number of things you can do to reduce your risk of periodontal gum inflammation and gum disease. We teach all of our patients that the best way to avoid periodontal gum disease, is to spend a little extra time during their daily oral hygiene routine. Not only will this help to reduce your risk of gum disease, it will also help to reduce your risk of cavities.

Good dental hygiene practices should include:

  • Brushing your teeth twice each day for at least two minutes
  • If possible brush after every meal (wait ½ hour after eating though!)
  • Use an electric toothbrush if possible as these have been proven to remove more plaque
  • See us at least once if not twice each year for a cleaning and inspection
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Stop Smoking

Taking the time to take good care of your teeth on a regular basis will reduce your risk of gum disease and keep your gums and teeth healthy throughout your life.  if you suspect you might have periodontal disease, go ahead and schedule an appointment for a consultation!