Periodontal disease pertains to infections of the gums and teeth. The natural support of the teeth is gradually destroyed in this disease, and this can lead to may types of oral health problems. You need to understand that there are different types of gum diseases and the treatment process may vary depending on the specific condition of the patient.
Dental plaque is the most common cause of gum disease and brushing twice daily and flossing can help prevent the infection in most cases. The bacteria found in plaque may irritate the gums and if left untreated may cause the gum tissue and teeth to deteriorate resulting in tooth loss.
There are instances when patients may get affected by gum disease in spite of following good oral hygiene. This could be due to other lifestyle factors like smoking and drinking,, or it might just be genetic.
These factors may accelerate the disease if the plaque is not removed, it may harden into a porous substance known as calculus. After it hardens, it is impossible to remove it with regular brushing – you will have to seek professional help from a periodontist.
Symptoms of periodontal disease
- Red and swollen gums in the mouth accompanied with or without pain.
- Bleeding when teeth are brushed or flossed
- Abnormal sores or lumps in the mouth.
- Receding gums that make the teeth look longer
- Separating or loose teeth
- Persistent bad breath
A surprising fact is that most people tend to ignore these symptoms and keep postponing their appointment with us. This can result in the problem getting aggravated, leading to many oral health complications. Surgery may be required to correct the disease in some cases.
Other factors that may affect the health of the gums include diabetics, smoking, stress, medication, poor nutrition, grinding and clenching of teeth. Patients are classified as high risk, if they have any one of these factors and may require regular consultation to help detect any sign of the periodontal disease.
Prevention of gum disease
The most effective way to prevent gum disease is to maintain good oral hygiene by brushing the teeth twice daily and flossing regularly. Apart from this, regular consultation with the dentist and cleanings may also help prevent any disease in the initial stages.
It is best to seek an appointment with the periodontist when the first symptoms are visible. Early diagnosis makes it easier to treat the disease. Sometimes the most effective way to detect periodontal disease is a complete evaluation by our doctors!