Periodontal disease is one of the health problems that many adults in the United States have been suffering from, but they may not even know. If not treated properly, it can cause teeth loss, gum recession, cardiovascular diseases and bone loss in the alveolar ridge.
So what is a periodontal disease?
Periodontal diseases are caused by bad bacteria inside our mouth. These bacteria cause plaque. Plaque is a colorless substance that sticks to your teeth. It is often removed thru proper brushing and flossing. However, if left unattended, the plaque hardens and forms tartar, making it harder to remove. In fact, only a professional cleaning can remove tartar
These bacteria can cause bad breath, swollen and bleeding gums, loosen teeth and receding gums. Periodontal disease can be classified into two stages: gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is a milder form of the periodontal disease. It is characterized by gum inflammation caused by plaque. This disease can be both acute and chronic. The bacteria cause your gums to be swollen & bleed. Gingivitis can be corrected by proper oral hygiene.
When gingivitis is not treated, it will lead to Periodontitis. Periodontitis is a periodontal disease that affects the teeth and bones around your mouth. If you have Periodontitis, the gums may move away from your teeth and thus form pockets. These pockets allow your teeth to be easily infected. The bacteria will spread around your teeth and below the gum lines. This could also lead to destruction of the connective tissues and bones around your gums, which are responsible for holding your teeth in place. If this is not treated early, this can cause teeth loss.
Aside from poor oral hygiene, there are also other factors that can cause periodontal disease. The factors are genetic problems, HIV and other diseases, Smoking, hormonal changes among women, and oral medications.
It is best to visit a hygienist every year to avoid any dental problems. If the symptoms persist, you can visit Dr.DeAndrade of the Anthem Periodontics in his office in Las Vegas, Nevada to cater to your dental needs. You can also tour this website, anthemperio.com to know more about the services that he can offer.