Periodontal disease doesn’t happen overnight. It is a sneaky condition that slips in unnoticed in its early stages and starts causing damage in your mouth. Don’t wait until it’s too late; know the stages of gum disease to protect your teeth and gums.
- Healthy Gums: When your gums are free of disease, they will be pink, firm and tightly covering your teeth. There will be minimal or no bleeding when brushing and flossing.
- Gingivitis: The mildest form of gum disease, gingivitis begins when bacterial-laden plaque has collected along the gumline and caused inflammation. Gums will be red, puffy and bleeding.
- Early Periodontitis: In addition to the symptoms of gingivitis, the gums will begin pulling away from the teeth. That pulling away creates pockets that trap plaque, tartar, food and pus. Damage begins to occur on the underlying bone.
- Moderate Periodontitis: As periodontitis advances, there is more destruction of the jawbone. Teeth now become loose and gum recession is visible.
- Advanced Periodontitis: The most severe form of gum disease, advanced periodontitis is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in Americans. In addition to the other symptoms, painful gum abscessed can occur as the infection spreads deeper into the jaw.
If you are observing any of the symptoms of periodontal disease, you should not ignore them and hope they go away. Gum disease will not heal on its own and requires treatment from a board-certified periodontist like the doctors at Anthem Periodontics and Dental Implants. We can treat your gum disease; perform procedures to reverse the damage it has caused in your mouth; and take steps to prevent it from occurring again. Schedule an oral health evaluation to make sure your teeth and gums are safe.