Do your gums bleed when you brush or floss your teeth? Most of us ignore our bleeding gums thinking it’s a natural occurrence. But little do we know how severe problems it can cause for us in the future. Dr. DeAndrade of Anthem Periodontics and Dental Implants in Las Vegas will now take you on a tour explaining the nature of periodontal disease, and its methods of prevention and cure.
What is periodontal disease?
Bleeding gums, also known as the periodontal disease is a condition that occurs when your gums are infected by bacteria. It can be a simple gum inflammation at first, but may lead to a serious disease if no treatments are done. This infection when spread, has the ability to destroy the tissue and bone structures in your jaw bone which supports your teeth. This can lead to loosening of teeth up to the point where you may be forced to get them extracted.
There are two stages of periodontal diseases known as Gingivitis and Periodontitis
Gingivitis is the mildest form of the disease. It’s mainly caused by bad oral hygiene and can be identified by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. It’s the form of periodontal disease which gives you the least discomfort. Gingivitis can be cured by maintaining your oral hygiene by regular cleaning of teeth and gums at home and at the hands of a professional dentist. Visit a periodontist to avoid further spreading of the disease which can cause damage to your teeth.
Periodontitis is caused when Gingivitis is not treated properly. In this form of the disease your gums are pulled away from the teeth and form pockets which then gets infected by bacteria. If not treated, the toxins released by bacteria and the immune system’s response to the infection tend to break down the structures that keep your teeth intact. This will cause loosening of teeth. To avoid damage and loss of teeth you must obtain treatments from a professional periodontist during the early stages of periodontitis.
Factors that increase the risk of periodontal disease
• Chewing tobacco
• Poor oral hygiene
• Genetic susceptibility
• Some medications
• Hormonal changes
Some of the factors given above such as smoking, chewing tobacco etc. can be avoided at your own will to stop falling prey to the disease.
Symptoms of Periodontal disease
Given below are some of the symptoms that can help you identify the periodontal disease.
• Persistent bad breath
• Bleeding gums
• Swollen and tender gums
• Receding gums
• Loose teeth
• Sensitive teeth
If you witness any of the above symptoms appearing in your mouth, you may have fallen prey to the periodontal disease. Dr. DeAndrade can provide you with necessary treatments to avoid spreading of the disease, to reduce the damage or to cure the periodontal disease completely. Make an appointment right now!